joi, 26 februarie 2009

La Cotidianul fileaza o lampa...

miercuri, 25 februarie 2009

Peste cu cap transparent


Scientists in California have filmed a fish with a transparent head.
And the encounter has helped researchers solve the 50-year-old mystery of how the fish uses its extraordinary eyes to see in the gloomy ocean depths.
Ever since the Barreleye Fish was discovered in 1939, marine biologists have known that its tubular eyes were very good at collecting light.
However, the eyes were believed to be fixed in place and seemed to provide only a tunnel-vision view of whatever was directly above the fish's head.
New research shows that the unusual eyes can rotate within a transparent shield that covers the fish's head.
This allows the Barreleye to peer up at potential prey or focus forward to see what it is eating.
Barreleyes typically live near the depth where sunlight from the surface fades to complete blackness.
They use their ultra-sensitive tubular eyes to search for the faint silhouettes of prey overhead.
Bruce Robison and Kim Reisenbichler of the Monterey Bay Aquarium Research Institute used videos from the institute's remotely operated vehicles (ROVs) to study Barreleyes off Central California.
At depths of 2,000 to 2,600 feet, (600 to 800 meters) below the surface, the cameras typically showed the fish hanging motionless in the water, its eyes glowing a vivid green in the bright lights.
In addition to their amazing "headgear," Barreleyes have a variety of other interesting adaptations to deep-sea life. Their large, flat fins allow them to remain nearly motionless in the water.

duminică, 22 februarie 2009

Cine mă vizitează, tovarăşi? (e în limba rusă)

Domain Name cts.md ? (Moldova)
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ISP Jump Network Services S.R.L.
Location
Continent : Europe
Country : Moldova, Republic of (Facts)
State/Region : Chisinau
City : Chisinau
Lat/Long : 47.0056, 28.8575 (Map)
Distance : 374 kilometers
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ru
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Renate Weber: Romanii comit 5% din infractiunile din Italia, dar mediatizarea in presa e de 99,5%

Intr-un interviu in exclusivitate pentru ziarul „Gardianul“ europarlamentarul PNL Renate Weber critica atitudinea xenofoba a liderilor de la Roma, dar si lipsa de reactie a presedintelui Traian Basescu fata de valul de actiuni impotriva romanilor din Italia. Intr-o declaratie oficiala, eurodeputatul Renate Weber il acuza pe ministrul de interne al Italiei, Roberto Maroni, de justificare mincinoasa cu privire la legea prin care medicii care trateaza imigranti ilegali sunt obligati sa raporteze acest lucru organelor
de politie.

Reporter: Doamna eurodeputat Renate Weber, cum apreciati atitudinea autoritatilor de la Roma
vizavi de romani, in momentul de fata?
Renate Weber: Italienii au trecut in ultimii ani prin mai multe valuri de discursuri si de actiuni indreptate evident impotriva celor care nu erau din Peninsula, fie ca erau romani sau ca erau din alte parti ale lumii. Au avut un astfel de val inainte de integrarea noastra in Uniunea Europeana. Mie mi se parea ca romanii erau in mod evident tinta acestor actiuni pentru ca italienii se temeau de integrare si ca ar putea sa vina un val de romani care sa le ia locurile de munca. Acesta a fost in mod categoric scopul. Dupa aceea, lucrurile s-au mai linistit pentru ca acum sa se reaprinda, in mod asteptat as spune eu. Italia este si ea o tara afectata de criza economica si care nu are, cel putin din cunostintele mele, o strategie pentru iesirea din aceasta criza. Atunci, intr-o situatie de genul acesta, cel mai usor lucru este sa gasesti niste vinovati. De exemplu, daca romanii, in aceasta situatie, continua sa isi pastreze slujbele si italienii nu, evident trebuie gasit ceva impotriva romanilor pentru ca populatia italiana sa-i urasca si sa vrea ca ei sa plece acasa. Si se profita - dar se manipuleaza infiorator de mult - de faptul ca exista un numar de infractiuni, unele de maxima violenta, de necontestat acest lucru, si este profund regretabil ca ele se intampla, dar se profita de acest lucru pentru a manipula opinia publica.

R: Presa italiana are o parte din vina pentru exagerarile cu privire la romani?
R.W.: Daca ne uitam la felul in care sunt mediatizate, cred ca intelegem foarte clar treaba asta. Romanii savarsesc cam 5% din numarul de infractiuni care se comit in Peninsula. Mediatizarea este probabil de 99,5%. Cand un italian comite infractiuni de genul celor comise de romani, recent, stirea nu apare pe pagina intai a ziarelor de maniera stirilor in care sunt prezentate infractiunile romanilor. Din pacate aici, trebuie sa spunem lucrurilor pe nume, presa italiana este o presa care lucreaza cu autoritatile. Guvernul Silvio Berlusconi controleaza intr-o mare masura presa si aceasta raspunde la o solicitare politica. Asa imi explic eu, in acest moment, aceasta reinviere a xenofobiei.

R: Ce initiative ati avut in Parlamentul European impotriva actiunilor Italiei?
R.W.: In ceea ce priveste Parlamentul European, eu cred ca trebuie sa fim foarte realisti. Parlamentul este practic pe ultima suta de metri inainte de alegerile din iunie, luna mai este luna de campanie si nu se lucreaza. In acest moment se finalizeaza unele dosare, iar majoritatea europarlamentarilor sunt implicati in tot felul de precampanii electorale in tarile lor. Iar italienii au o problema foarte mare pentru ca li s-a schimbat legislatia electorala si cei care erau in mod traditional aliatii nostri se confrunta acum cu aceasta situatie noua pe plan local. Dar problema nu este doar Parlamentul ca atare, problema este ce poate sa intreprinda Comisia Europeana. Eu chiar ii voi scrie comisarului Jacques Barrot (n. red., comisarul pentru justitie) pentru a-i aduce la cunostinta de data aceasta legislatia pe care a initiat-o si a trimis-o spre adoptare guvernul Berlusconi prin ministrul de interne, Roberto Maroni, si care incalca in mod grav drepturile omului. Ne referim la obligatiile medicilor de a raporta politiei cand au de a face cu imigranti ilegali, ceea ce e inadminibil, ne referim la legea care le permite bandelor de justitiari sa intervina pentru mentinerea sigurantei publice.

R: Cum explicati pozitia ministrului de externe, Franco Frattini, fost comisar european si vicepresedinte al Comisiei Europene?
R.W.: Din punctul meu de vedere nu este nici un fel de surpriza, surpriza este mai mult pentru cei care au crezut ca domnul Frattini este de o alta factura, eu nu am avut niciodata nici un fel de dubiu, domnul Frattini a jucat in permanenta cartea lui Silvio Berlusconi si domnul Frattini, cand inca era vicepresedinte al Comisiei Europene si noua ne dadea lectii de democratie, avea luari de pozitie inadmisibile si a fost criticat intr-o rezolutie a Parlamentului European. Faptul ca poate sa creeze printr-un discurs de anume factura nu inseamna ca domnul Frattini reuseste sa ma pacaleasca.

R.: Cum vi se pare reactia oficialilor de la Bucuresti?
R.W.: Regretabil este ca in Romania nu am vazut o reactie asa cum ar fi trebuit sa o avem pana in acest moment de la cel mai inalt nivel al autoritatilor statului si aici ma refer evident la presedintele Romaniei. Eu salut din plin atitudinea domnului ministru de externe, Cristian Diaconescu, care mi se pare ca este primul sef al diplomatiei care in relatia cu Italia si cu cele ce se intampla acolo a avut fermitatea si taria sa spuna lucrurilor pe nume. E pentru prima data cand vad ca un ministru de externe nu sacrifica apararea demnitatii unor cetateni romani de dragul unui discurs diplomatic. Trebuie sa fim foarte fermi cu italienii, sa le spunem ca stim despre ce e vorba si ca minciunile italienilor nu ne mai pot pacali si ca este firesc sa se comporte intr-un mod european, in conformitate cu societatea si standardele europene.

R.: Asta cu riscul de a fi criticati foarte dur in presa italiana.
R.W.: Presa italiana este o presa care actioneaza la comanda, iar daca i se va cere sa-l faca arsice pe ministrul Diaconescu, il va face. Sunt curioasa cum va decurge vizita pe care o va face in Italia.
Cred ca vom avea parte de un nou exemplu de dublu limbaj al domnului Frattini si dublu standard de comportament. Nu este normal ca ei sa faca toate porcariile si noi sa inghitim. Noi am avut comportamentul de ruda saraca de la tara si nu este normal sa continuam in acest fel. Nu suntem cetateni europeni de rangul doi! Suntem cetateni europeni, asa cum sunt si italienii. Nu trebuie sa acceptam sa se arunce un blam colectiv asupra tuturor romanilor.
Interviu realizat de Emil Neacsu

miercuri, 18 februarie 2009

Ce inteleg englezii din orasele romanesti...

Afumaţi - Neversober
Urlaţi – Gimme Some Noise
Constanţa - The Steadiness
Slobozia - A Very Wrong Local Tradition
Călăraşi - Silly-dressed Folks on Horses
Piteşti - Youdohide
Oneşti - The Sincere
Huşi - Shoo
Buhuşi - Boo
Satu-Mare - The Rather Roomy Rural Community
Slatina - Slut Tina
Târgu Frumos - The Aesthetically Pleasing Bazaar
Buzău - Really Fat Lip
Năvodari - Networkers
Dor Mărunt - Miniature Melancholy
Voluntari - Town of Unpaid Assistants.

luni, 16 februarie 2009

Nu fotografiati politisti...


Around 150 photographers held a mass photo shoot outside Scotland Yard in protest at a new anti-terror law

Se intampla in Romania si pe langa ea...

@ Un lot de cămile din Rusia, care a stat timp de două săptămâni la graniţa ruso-ucraineană pentru a putea tranzita Ucraina, este acum ţinut la graniţa dintre R. Moldova şi România, pentru că autorităţile române cer traducerea certificatelor de transport, relatează RIA Novosti.

@ Un grup de cetăţeni afgani care a trecut fraudulos graniţa pentru a ajunge în România a fost depistat de poliţiştii din Bistriţa-Năsăud în Gara Bistriţa-Nord, ei declarând că au venit în ţara noastră pentru a cere azil, transmite corespondentul NewsIn.

@ Locuitorii oraşului croat Vinkovci au preparat, sâmbătă, un cârnat lung de 530 de metri, record care, chiar dacă nu a fost omologat oficial, doboară performanţa celor 392 de metri, stabilită de bucureşteni în decembrie, la iniţiativa primarului general Sorin Oprescu.
La fabricarea cârnatului, au fost folosite 400 de kilograme de carne de porc, 2,5 kilograme de piper şi 3,5 kilograme de usturoi, notează AFP. Cârnatul ar putea hrăni 3.000 de oameni.
Cei din Vinkovci spun că nu şi-au propus să stabilească un record mondial, motiv pentru care nu i-au contactat pe cei de la Guiness Book (Cartea Recordurilor).

La oftalmolog


A boy looks on as a woman undergoes tests at a free ophthalmologic check-up camp in Mumbai, India

Ministru beat. Japonez. De finante.


The finance minister of Japan, Shoichi Nakagawa, denied claims he had been drunk at a G7 news conference in Rome saying he had taken a large amount of cold medicine.Shoichi Nakagawa, 55, a close ally of Prime Minister Taro Aso, said he had not drunk more than a sip of alcohol before the news conference that followed a Group of Seven finance leaders meeting in Rome.

But he said he had taken a large amount of cold medicine, which may have affected his performance badly, and that his future was in the hands of Aso.

The fuss over Nakagawa's behaviour at the news conference comes as Aso's public support is plummeting ahead of an election that must be held no later than October and as the economy sinks deeper into recession.

CEA MAI BUNA POVESTIRE A ANULUI

Charlotte, Carolina de Nord
Un avocat din SUA a cumparat o cutie de tigari, foarte rare
si deosebit de scumpe. Pe urma le-a asigurat, printre altele si impotriva
incendiului.
In decurs de o luna, fumand toate tigarile din cutie si
fara sa fi facut nici macar prima plata pentru polita de asigurare, avocatul a solicitat companiei de asigurari sa fie despagubit, aratand ca
tigarile au fost distruse intr-o serie de "mici focuri".
Compania de asigurari a refuzat plata, invocand motivul
evident si anume ca avocatul a fumat tigarile.
Avocatul a chemat in judecata compania de asigurari si A CASTIGAT.

Administrand probatoriul, judecatorul a fost de acord cu
societatea de asigurari si anume ca cererea de despagubire era cel putin "neserioasa".
Totusi, judecatorul a retinut faptul ca avocatul detinea o
polita de asigurare pentru tigari care garanta ca acestea erau
asigurate inclusiv impotriva foculului, fara a defini ce este considerat a fi
"foc acceptabil", iar societatea de asigurari a fost obligata sa-l despagubeasca pe asigurat. Decat sa treaca printr-un proces lung si costisitor, societatea de asigurare a acceptat sentinta si a platit 15.000 $ avocatului pentru pierderea tigarilor in "incendiu".
….. *ACUM URMEAZA FAZA TARE *
> Dupa ce avocatul si-a incasat cecul, compania de asigurari
a cerut ca acesta sa fie arestat pentru 24 de cazuri de incendiere.
In urma propriei cereri de despagubire si a declaratiei de
la procesul anterior (folosite acum impotriva lui), avocatul a fost
condamnat pentru incendiere intentionata a bunurilor sale asigurate si a
fost condamnat la 24 de luni de inchisoare si o amenda de 24.000$
Aceasta este o povestire adevarata si a castigat Locul I la
concursul "Recent Criminal Lawyers Award Contest"

McEwan si Rushdie

Scriitorul englez Ian McEwan dezvaluie ca l-a adapostit pe Salman Rushdie, imediat dupa ce ayatollahul Kmomeini l-a condamnat la moarte, pe 14 februarie 1989. Mai multe, aici.

duminică, 15 februarie 2009

Valentine's Day by Ion Iliescu

Am trait sa o vad si pe asta. Ion Iliescu saluta Valentine's Day...
Valentine’s Day
February 14, 2009 by Ion Iliescu
Deci, ce ar mai fi de zis? Merry Christmas by Ion Iliescu, Happy Easter by Ion Iliescu, Jos Comunismul by Ion Iliescu...
Continuaţi voi. Christian ai legatura.

joi, 12 februarie 2009

Blogger in Egipt

Egyptian blogger expressing support for Gaza reportedly detained and beaten by police, according to Cairo-based Arabic Network for Human Rights Information
Egyptian police have beaten and detained a 22-year-old Egyptian blogger and activist who has expressed support for Gaza, an Egyptian human rights group said on Monday.
A statement from the Cairo-based Arabic Network for Human Rights Information said police officers on Friday beat Diaa Eddin Gad in front of his house in the Nile Delta province of Gharbiya, put him in a police car and drove off.
Police gave no reason for the arrest, and have not yet disclosed where Gad is being held, according to the group.
An interior ministry spokesman did not return calls asking for confirmation of the detention.
Gamal Eid, director of the Network, described Gad as a member of the liberal Wafd party and the Kefaya (Enough) protest movement, and said he had attended protests against the recent 22-day Israeli offensive on the Gaza Strip.
Gad's website Sawt Ghadib or "An Angry Voice," contains pro-Gaza slogans and news and commentary on the Israeli offensive, as well as strident denunciations of Egypt's President Hosni Mubarak and security services.
"Bloggers have become a major target of the police authorities in Egypt, and all these assaults are committed outside the law or under the cloak of the emergency state," the statement said.
Also on Friday, police detained Egyptian-German political activist and blogger on Gaza Strip issues Philip Rizk.
In a separate release, the Network said that Egyptian police had carried out a raid on Rizk's house early on Monday, searching it and demanding Rizk's father accompany them to his office, which the police said they wanted to search.
The release said police threatened to use force on Rizk's father, also a dual national, if he refused, but were dissuaded by the presence of a lawyer from the Network and an official from the German embassy.

miercuri, 11 februarie 2009

Boc, chemat la raport

- Cinci diplomaţi ai ţărilor care domină piaţa pensiilor private, cu o cotă de peste 80%, îi solicită premierului Boc să revină asupra deciziei de plafonare a contribuţiei la 2% în 2009, arătând că actuala cotă va afecta pe termen lung sumele pe care le vor încasa viitorii pensionari.

Semnatarii scrisorii sunt ambasadorul Olandei, Jaap Werner, ambasadorul Germaniei, Roland Lohkamp, ambasadorul Italiei, Mario Cospito, ambasadorul Marii Britanii, Robin Barnett, şi însărcinatul cu afaceri al Statelor Unite ale Americii, Jeri Guthrie-Corn.

Prin Legea 411/2004 privind fondurile de pensii administrate privat s-a stabilit că nivelul contribuţiilor virate către sistemul privat de pensii va creşte cu 0,5 puncte procentuale pe an, de la 2% în 2008, la 6% din veniturile brute ale participanţilor în 2016. Fondurile de pensii trebuie să încaseze contribuţia majorată cu 0,5 puncte procentuale, la 2,5%, în luna martie, calculată conform salariilor aferente lunii ianuarie, potrivit actului normativ.

marți, 10 februarie 2009

Despre spirit civic si veverite

Ca ma plimb prin parc de la Aviatorilor pana la Casa Presei am mai spus. Astazi mi s-a intamplat ceva inedit. Prin dreptul Pavilionului H, pe aleea de pe malul lacului, in fata mea, un grup de sase tineri, elevi de liceu dupa aparente, au gasit o distractie noua: sa sperie veveritele care cautau alune prin resturile de frunze. Doi mai curajosi in relatia cu animalele au rupt un vreasc si au inceput sa arunce cu furie in doua veverite, care abia au avut timp sa se ascunda dupa un pom. Strig de la distanta: "Bai, handicapatilor!!". Aia sase nu realizeaza ca despre ei e vorba. Repet: "Bai, handicapatilor! Ce aveti cu veveritele?!". Trec printre cei patru care faceau galerie si ma apropii de cei doi atacatori. Nu imi ajung la umar. Sunt obraznici, dar unul arunca batul din mana si se indeparteaza. Ultimul ramane cu un bat in mana si ma infrunta. "Ce ai mai, handicapatule, cu veveritele?", il interoghez. Ala, curajos, raspunde: "Ne jucam". "Auzi, daca ma joc si eu cu tine un pic, ce zici? Daca te lipesc de un pom?". Tace. Aia din galerie tac. "Lasa batul jos si cara-te". Ala lasa batul de parca ar fi fost de portelan. Ma abtin sa nu-i trag un sut in cur. Evident, ca dupa ce se indeparteaza prinde curaj.
Mi-o luam pentru doua veverite? Nu cred, desi erau sase baieti. Dar ajungeam pe la stiri la Antena 3...

sâmbătă, 7 februarie 2009

Altă Biblie...


Authorities in northern Cyprus believe they have found an ancient version of the Bible written in Syriac, a dialect of the native language of Jesus.

The manuscript was found in a police raid on suspected antiquity smugglers. Turkish Cypriot police testified in a court hearing they believe the manuscript could be about 2,000 years old.

The manuscript carries excerpts of the Bible written in gold lettering on vellum and loosely strung together, photos provided to Reuters showed. One page carries a drawing of a tree, and another eight lines of Syriac script.

Experts were however divided over the provenance of the manuscript, and whether it was an original, which would render it priceless, or a fake.

Experts said the use of gold lettering on the manuscript was likely to date it later than 2,000 years.

"I'd suspect that it is most likely to be less than 1,000 years old," leading expert Peter Williams, Warden of Tyndale House, University of Cambridge told Reuters.

Turkish Cypriot authorities seized the relic last week and nine individuals are in custody pending further investigations. More individuals are being sought in connection with the find, they said

joi, 5 februarie 2009

Asa ceva nu exista...

Ministrul francez al Apărării, Herve Morin, a anunţat joi că a demis un profesor din cadrul Colegiului de Apărare Interame (CID), şcoală militară superioară, din cauză că a atribuit, într-o carte, atentatele de la 11 septembrie 2001 unui "complot israeliano-american", relatează AFP si Mediafax.
Cercetătorul Aymeric Chauprade "a scris o carte în care analizează cauzele distrugerii Turnurilor Gemene şi care conţine nuanţe absolut inacceptabile întrucât încearcă să demonstreze că ar fi vorba despre un complot israeliano-american", a declarat Morin cu ocazia unei vizite pe portavionul Charles de Gaulle din Marea Mediterană, din largul portului Toulon.
"Acest bărbat nu are nimic de a face cu o instituţie ca a noastră şi am indicat de ieri seară că acest domn nu va mai avea, începând din această zi, acces în CID", a menţionat el.

Săptămânalul Le Point a publicat în ediţia sa electronică citate din introducereea unui volum recent al lui Chauprade, "Cronica ciocnirii civilizaţiilor", în care face referire la atentatele de la 11 septembrie ca fiind o "nouă dogmă a terorismului mondial" şi evocă "varianta oficială".

"Unda de şoc nu ar fi putut provoca distrugerea (...). Numai o demolare controlată prin intermediul explozibililor ar fi permis obţinerea unei prăbuşiri aşa de rapide şi perfecte", a scris Chauprade referitor la World Trade Center.

Aymeric Chauprade preda cursuri de geopolitică la Colegiul de Apărare Interarme din Paris, o instituţie care formează în fiecare an ofiţeri francezi şi străini.

duminică, 1 februarie 2009

De ce temperatura corpului e de 37,5 grade?

On a longtemps cru, et peut-être même certains le croient-ils encore, qu'il y avait des animaux à sang froid et des animaux à sang chaud. Serpents et autres reptiles feraient partie du premier groupe, les oiseaux et les mammifères, dont les hommes, feraient partie du second. C'est doublement faux. D'une part, parce que l'on sait aujourd'hui qu'il y a bien plus de catégories que ces deux simples «froid» et «chaud», la na­ture n'ayant, comme d'habitude, pas été avare de solutions au chauffage interne des êtres vivants. Et d'autre part, parce que ceux l'on appelait les animaux à sang froid sont en réalité bien souvent plus chauds que ceux réputés être de sang chaud.

Si tous les êtres vivants, les plantes aussi d'ailleurs, ont besoin de réguler leur tempéra­ture interne en fonction des conditions climatiques ou de leur situation physiologique, plusieurs moyens peuvent être mis en œuvre. Le plus simple est d'utiliser le soleil pour se réchauffer et l'ombre ou l'eau pour se refroidir. C'est le cas des serpents, lézards et des reptiles en général (mais pas seulement). Ils appartiennent au monde des ectothermes. Leur température corporelle peut varier jusqu'à plus ou moins 20 °C sans danger pour l'orga­nisme concerné. Si ce rudimentaire système de climatisation est peu consommateur d'énergie, d'aliments et d'oxygène, il est cependant assez handicapant pour l'activité de l'animal, qui devient tributaire de la température ambiante.

En revanche, mammifères et oiseaux disposent d'une «chaufferie» interne sophistiquée, avec système de refroidissement et de préservation d'énergie, qui leur permet, la plupart du temps, de maintenir leur température in­terne quasiment constante. Ils appartiennent au groupe des endothermes. Une trop grande variation de cette température peut être fatale aux membres de ce groupe. Et si cette constance de la température permet le maintien d'une activité à volonté dans la plupart des conditions climatiques, elle est en revanche très gourmande en énergie et nécessite donc des apports en aliments et en oxygène réguliers et assez importants.

Un compromis biochimique

Les poissons sont souvent classés avec les reptiles. Pourtant, leur cas est particulier. En effet, leur température corporelle ne varie que très peu (de 1° à 2° sous celle de la température de l'eau), car le milieu dans lequel ils évoluent est thermiquement plutôt stable. Ce sont donc des ecto­thermes homéothermes. Mais les thons, espadons, requins, par exemple, sont capables d'élever leur température très au-dessus de celle de l'eau (jusqu'à + 15 °C) dans laquelle ils nagent…

A contrario, chez les endothermes (température constante), certains animaux sont capables de faire varier de manière importante leur température. Les colibris, ou oiseaux-mouches, et de nombreux passereaux sont ainsi capables d'abaisser leur température la nuit ou dans des conditions hivernales. Tout comme les chauves-souris. Sans parler des mammifères qui pratiquent la vraie hibernation (pas comme les ours) et dont la température corporelle n'est plus que de quelques degrés.

La machine humaine n'a pas cette possibilité, et l'hypothermie sévère (à partir de 32 °C) peut lui être fatale. La chaleur du corps est en effet produite par le métabolisme des aliments et par le «travail» fourni par les différents muscles et organes qui «brûlent» de l'oxygène. C'est le cerveau, et plus particulièrement l'hypothalamus, qui assure une régulation «automatique» de la tempéra­ture corporelle en fonction d'une valeur référence (autour de 37,5 °C). Si, à cause d'un effort ou des conditions ambiantes, la température du corps monte, l'hypothalamus déclenche la transpiration. Si la température descend, il déclenche des frissons corporels et augmente les oxydations cellulaires produisant de la chaleur.

Cette température autour de 37,5 °C est un compromis biochimique. C'est à cette température que les réactions biochimiques se produisent avec assez de vitesse et d'intensité pour créer les éléments nécessaires à la vie des cellules, mais pas trop pour ne pas les brûler et respecter les cycles biochimiques sans les affoler. La biochimie autorise un certain battement, grosso modo d'une dizaine de degrés.

Ce que l'on retrouve, avec de petites différences, chez les autres mammifères. Les chats et les chiens vivent ainsi entre 38,5° et 39°. Les oiseaux font plus fort, puisque leur température s'élève le plus souvent à 40°, à 41° ou 42° pour les mésanges, chez qui elle peut monter jusqu'à 44°. C'est que leurs dépenses énergétiques liées au vol sont supérieures à celles des autres animaux. Une sorte de fièvre des hauteurs.

Rubik revine


A new game by Professor Erno Rubik, inventor of the iconic Cube, is tipped to become a best-seller when it goes on sale later this year.The Rubik’s 360 is set to repeat the success of the maddening Cube, which became an overnight sensation almost three decades ago and remains the world’s fastest-selling toy.

Now the reclusive Hungarian inventor hopes to recreate the buzz of Rubik’s Cube with his new game, featuring six balls trapped within three transparent plastic spheres.

The puzzle, shown to the Sunday Telegraph ahead of its unveiling at a toy industry fair in Germany on February 5, confronts users with the same frustrating challenge – a task that is simple to understand, with only one possible solution, yet extremely difficult to execute.

Players must get the coloured balls from an inner sphere into matching slots on the outer sphere by shaking them through a middle sphere that has only two holes.

The new puzzle is already arousing interest among Rubik’s Cube afficionados. Ron van Bruchem, 41, the Dutch co-founder of the World Cube Association, said: “Our community is very interested in the upcoming release of Rubik 360.”

Student Joel Gouly , 18, from Leeds, who can solve the Rubik’s Cube blindfolded in under one minute, said: “It looks like more of a physical game that requires dexterity whereas the Cube is something to ponder but there’s no reason it can’t catch on.

"It would be hard to beat the original Cube though.”

The Cube was an instant success when it was first exported from Communist Hungary in 1980, becoming the world’s fastest-selling toy and a must-have accessory in the school playground as well as the home.

More than 350 million have been sold worldwide and the Cube retains a cult following, with almost 40,000 entries on YouTube featuring tutorials and video clips of quick solutions.

Described by its creator as not so much a toy as “a work of art”, it earned a place as a permanent exhibit in New York’s Museum of Modern Art and entered the Oxford English Dictionary after just two years.

Since 1980 Professor Rubik has released other toys and games but none have become as famous as the Cube.

The 64-year-old sculptor, engineer and architect has not been interviewed for 10 years and rarely attends any of the worldwide 'speedcubing’ competitions organised by fans, but released a statement which said: “I feel that the 360 is one of the most innovative and exciting puzzles we’ve developed since the Cube – adopting elements of my original design, challenging the solver to use skill, dexterity and logic.”

David Hedley-Jones, vice-president of firm Seven Towns, which holds the British rights to Rubik games, believes the new puzzle “is going to be huge”.

He said: “We’re certain we have found a winner in the 360 and are confident that the fantastic new concept will have all the appeal and longevity of the Cube.

"It is suitable for all ages and abilities and, requiring no electricity or batteries, it’s very much in the current eco-friendly mode.”

As retailers feel the pinch from the recession, the toy industry believes simple games are well-placed to succeed.

In Britain, sales of the Cube have risen four-fold in two years as consumers return to simple classics, in a trend which has also boosted sales of Lego and Playmobil.

“People have gone back to safe brands that have been on the market for a while and that they have confidence in,” said Gary Grant, chairman of the Toy Retailers Association.

The Rubik’s 360 will go on sale in August and will be distributed in Britain by Drumond Park Games .
RUBIK’S CUBE FACTS

* It has 43,252,003,274,489,856,000 possible combinations on its six faces

* It has only one solution

* More than 350,000,000 Cubes sold worldwide

* Invented in 1974 but not exported from Hungary until 1980

* A standard 3x3 Rubik’s cube measures 2¼ inches (5.7cm) on each side

* It has 39,600 entries on YouTube

* The first international 'speedcubing’ championship was held in Hungary in 1982 and was won by Los Angeles student Minh Thai with a time of 22.95 seconds.

* The current British 'speedcubing’ champion is Breandan McElhill, 16, from Ayrshire with an unofficial personal best time of 7.9 seconds.

* The current world 'speedcubing’ champion is Dutch teenager Eric Akkersdijk with an official time of 7.08 seconds.

* Variations on 'speedcubing’ include solving the cube with a single hand, with feet, blindfolded or underwater in a single breath. The British blindfold 'speedcube’ champion is Joey Gouly, 17, from Leeds with a time of 48 seconds.

* The slowest solver is thought to be Graham Parker, 45, a builder from Portchester, Hants, who finished his Cube earlier this month 26 years after he bought it. “When I clicked that last bit into place and each face was a solid colour I wept,” he said.

Ce se mai fura la Londra: balega fosilizata de dinozaur...

Thieves stole a lump of fossilised dinosaur dung from the Natural History Museum in London, it has been revealed. When staff at the Natural History Museum noticed that one of their exhibits had disappeared, it seemed reminiscent of the 1970s comedy film One of Our Dinosaurs is Missing.
The thieves, however, must have been disappointed when they realised that what they had smuggled out was not a valuable piece of dinosaur skeleton but a piece of 65-million-year-old fossilised dung.
Details of the theft have been revealed for the first time in a list of specimens that have been stolen or lost from the London museum's collection over the past five years.
Among the other items taken thieves were 167 scarab beetles originating from South America, and a centipede. Another 25 scarab beetles were stolen from a car in Vienna while they were on loan to a museum in the city.
The three-inch piece of fossilised dinosaur dung, or coprolite as they are known, was stolen while it was secured on display in a clamp in 2006. It is believed to have come from a plant-eating dinosaur known as titanosaurus, which grew to more than 30 feet in length and weighed about 13 tons. Police were informed of the theft but no further action was taken.
A spokesman for the museum said it was impossible to put a value on the dung. Experts said that if it was a proven piece of dinosaur dung it could have been quite valuable.
Professor Richard Lane, director of science at the Natural History Museum, said: "All of the items in the collections are of scientific and national value and many are literally priceless.
"Like works of arts they are completely unique and so cannot be compared to anything else. Consequently it is of great regret when items are stolen or lost.
"It is true that an item of fossilised dinosaur dung was stolen from the Dino Jaws exhibition; one might question what the thief would do with this."
The museum has more than 3.8 million visitors a year. Since 2004 eight exhibits have been either lost or stolen. In 2005 an entire draw of butterflies was lost while being moved from the museum's entomology building, and a parcel of 50 mosquitoes lost in the post.
Around 22 conodonts, fossils of extinct eel-like creatures, were lost when a box was knocked over and they were hoovered up.
A stuffed grey squirrel was stolen while on display at the National Museums Scotland in Edinburgh in December 2006. Almost exactly a year later a red squirrel was stolen from the same location.